English Malayalam Indian Spice Names

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The following is glossary of Spice names used in our Recipes in Malayalam/ English based on our readers Request

  • Patta/Karugapatta – Cinnamon
  • Elakka – Cardamom
  • Grambu – Cloves
  • Jathikka – Nutmeg
  • JathiPoo – Mace
  • Takkolam – Star Anise
  • Kus Kus – Poppy seeds
  • Jeerakam – Cumin
  • Perum Jeerakam (Saumph or Moti saumph in Hindi) – Fennel Seeds/ Sweet Cumin
  • Saumph (Patli Saumph or Choti Saunf in Hindi) – Aniseed/Anise – (Aniseed and Fennel Seeds are often Confused. Aniseed is used as Mouth Freshener and is expensive. Fennel seeds are often used in Kerala Cuisine.)
  • Karinjeerakam (Kaala Jeera or Shah Jeera in Hindi) – Black Cumin/ Black Caraway – (Nigella Seeds are also known as Black Cumin though it is entirely different from Kaala Jeera.)
  • Sheema Jeerakam (Shia Jeera) – Caraway seeds/ Persian Cumin/ Meridian Fennel (Caraway seeds and Black Cumin are often confused. Black Cumin is used in Biryani and Caraway seeds are used for flavoring Breads and Cakes in some cuisines.)
  • Ayamodagam – Ajowan caraway / Thymol seeds/ Carom/ Ajowan/ Ajwain
  • Ellu – Sesame seeds
  • Kunkumapoov – Saffron
  • Uluva – Fenugreek
  • Kayam – Asafoetida
  • Tulasi – Basil
  • Karuva Ella – Bay leaf
  • Karutha Uppu – Black Salt
  • Karivepala / Vepala – Curry Leaves
  • Malliyilla / KothaMalli – Cilantro / Coriander Leaves
  • Manjal – Turmeric
  • Malli – Coriander
  • Mulaku – Chilly
  • Kurumulaku – Pepper
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